Posts Tagged biopic

Gypsy

Year of Release: 1962     Directed by Mervyn LeRoy.      Starring Rosalind Russell, Natalie Wood, Karl Malden, Ann Jillian, and Suzanne Cupito.

“I had a dream, a dream about you, baby.”  So sings Rose Hovick (Rosalind Russel) as she begins Gypsy’s most famous number, which serves to prep her daughter Louise (Natalie Wood) for the show business.  It does not matter that Louise has never showed tremendous talent as her younger sister June (Ann Jillian) did.  Never mind that Rose’s attention had previously been solely focused on making June a star.  Now that June has left, she can be forgotten.  It is all about Louise now, or so Rose claims.

Anyone who has any familiarity with Gypsy will of course know that Rose’s plans for June’s stardom were never about June, and later those modified plans were certainly not about Louise.  Rose wants a child who will be a vaudeville star.  It does not matter who that child is, and ultimately, it does not matter in what venue she is a star.  Nor does it matter what the child wants.  When June tells her mother that she wants a certain opportunity, Rose dismisses her as a child who does not know what she is talking about.

To underscore Rose’s projection of her own ego onto her daughters, Stephen Sondheim’s lyrics for “Everything’s Coming Up Roses” utilize a brilliant conceit.  The first and last words of the song are both first person pronouns, and the music emphasizes them.  The title of the song also references Rose’s name, further underscoring that the obsession with show business is for her, not her daughters.  Whenever the song’s title is sung, a rhythmic augmentation stresses the importance of these words, and orchestral accents highlight “roses,” again depicting that Rose’s passion is for herself.

The other songs are equally well crafted.  Louise and June’s duet “If Momma Was Married” contains several witty references to show business, which Louise and June wish to pursue on their own, without their Mother overseeing their every move.  Naturally, the word that receives the most rhythmic elongation is “momma.”  “Let Me Entertain You” is a straightforward, vaudeville-style swing that serves to showcase the talent of the Hovick daughters as they are exploited by their mother.  It is the first number when June performs it, and it returns at a crucial moment much later in the film.  Rose is sweet and manipulative with “Small World,” and the melody descends as she lures Herbie (Karl Malden) into being her business partner in her small show business world.

The entire cast gives decent performances.  Both Russell and Malden, neither of whom were known for musicals, perform and act their songs very convincingly, merging the music into the storyline naturally.  Natalie Wood captures both the initial awkwardness of Louise and then her debonair talent that emerges later.   Both Ann Jillian and Suzanne Cupito are very talented as the adult and child June respectively.  They both make Rose’s focus on June believable and clearly show that June was the more talented daughter in musical theatre.  Both of them also portray June as a kind and caring sister, who wants what is best for herself and her sister, and she is clearly conflicted about leaving her mother.

Any good production of Gypsy will belong to the actress who plays Rose, and the movie mostly belongs to Russell, even if she is less than convincing in her big final number.  She is domineering when everything is going her way and vulnerable when others leave her and her small world is threatened.  After she steals silverware from a restaurant to save money, she is oblivious to the irony of asking the waitress for a spoon to stir her tea.  Her selfishness drives everyone away from her sooner or later, and yet she always blames them for leaving her.  Louise is the only person who is still remotely with her at the end, and the effect of the relationship shows in the way that Louise has become a star.  Rose may have achieved her dream, but at the same time it is the opposite of her original dream.  However, this is not surprising; just as Rose reflected her ego onto her daughters, she reflected her immorality and relativism onto Louise as well.  Additionally, Louise’s career spirals more and more out of control, just like Rose’s ambition has done throughout the musical.

Director Mervyn LeRoy stages the production very well, successfully moving it from stage to screen.  The choreography is skilled and appropriate for era.  The lip-synching is accurate and professional.  There is a brief sound mixing problem on “You Gotta Get a Gimmick,” and the ending is robbed of its full potential because Russell cannot quite breakdown the way she needs to.   Nevertheless, Gypsy not only entertains the audience in a grand fashion, but provides a serious and realistic look at the allure of fame, which may appear as roses, but in reality has many thorns.

Content Advisory: Several mildly suggestive stripteases, intense family discord, partially revealing costumes, and mild crass language.                            Not Rated

Suggested Audience: Teens and up with discernment.

Personal Recommendation: B

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The New World

Year of Release: 2005     Directed by Terrence Malick.  Starring Colin Farell, Q’Orianka Kilcher, Christopher Plummer, and Christian Bale.

The New World is Terrence Malick’s poetic and meditative telling of the founding of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607 and the subsequent fictionalized love story between Pocahontas and John Smith, and later John Rolfe.

In Malick’s film, John Smith (Colin Farell) is not a brazen expedition leader, but a reclusive and thoughtful individual.  Smith is portrayed as an outcast from the beginning.  He is first seen in the ship’s stockade and supposed to be hanged upon landing for mutinous remarks.  The captain (Christopher Plummer) has a change of heart and, after pardoning Smith, selects him to meet with the leader of the Native Americans to discuss trading for provisions.  The mission fits Smith’s character; the outcast is cast out into the wilderness to risk his life after near execution.  While living among the naturals, as the British call them, Smith begins to feel more at home as he learns the ways of this new land.  But once he settles into the lifestyle and begins romancing the chief’s daughter Pocahontas, (Q’Orianka Kilcher) Smith feels just as awkward about his new situation as he did about his previous one.  Smith’s reclusiveness and desire for adventure stay with him throughout the film.  Towards the end of the film, one character asks Smith if he ever found what he treasures, and he responds, “I may have passed it.”

Kilcher is incredible as Pocahontas.  She gives an understated performance that captures the character’s vulnerability and strength, her insecurity and resolution.  The understated performance also captures Pocahontas’ wonder and fear as she discovers English culture.  While she does suffer heartbreak, loss, and mistreatment, she also discovers joy and compassion.  Her two suitors represent two aspects of the new world Pocahontas discovers.  While one of them brings suffering, the other brings redemption.

There are two new worlds in this film, and Malick skillfully balances their portrayal and revelation.  The first half of the film concerns Smith’s discovery of America and the customs of the natives as he falls in love with Pocahontas.  The second half of the film depicts Pocahontas as she discovers English customs and culture.  During this time, she leaves her love for Smith in her old world, and embraces John Rolfe (Christian Bale) and the new world that he introduces to her.  The first thing that Smith saw in the village was the homes of the Native Americans.  Pocahontas first admires the architecture of the British when she goes to England.  When Smith first arrived at her village, Pocahontas saved his life through a surprise appearance and gesture of kindness.  He was released from his bonds and could be free among her people as a result.  At the end of the film Smith repays the debt through a surprise appearance to Pocahontas, which releases her from old bonds, allowing her to find happiness in his world.  Both Pocahontas and Smith have extensive voiceovers, letting the viewer learn their innermost thoughts as they discover their new worlds.

Despite marvelous discoveries, the most important thing in either world is connections and relationships.  For all the beauty and potential of America, Smith is most preoccupied with Pocahontas.  Rolfe is equally smitten when meets her, and he does not care in which world they live as long as they are together.  Pocahontas tries to foster community between her people and the settlers, and fears for the safety of both groups.

There are no stereotypes in the film.  All the characters that Malick created have believable emotions and actions.  There are no overtly malicious villains like Radcliffe in the dreadful Disney Pocahontas.  Antagonistic characters are driven by human emotions such as fear or destitution.  The Native Americans are rightfully concerned about the presence of the English.  Both groups are capable of tremendous violence but also kindness.  Christian Bale’s Rolfe is one of the most respectful portrayals of an onscreen Christian.  Even though he has all the markings of a stereotypical villain who ruins the romance between the crossed lovers, Rolfe is compassionate and caring.  He brings hope, light, and love to Pocahontas, even to the point that he risks losing her by allowing her to leave.

The only major flaw with the film is that Malick takes too much for granted regarding the viewer’s knowledge of American history.   Pocahontas and John Rolfe are never actually named; it is assumed the viewer will automatically know who they are.  Other historical names are quickly tossed around as the characters build the Jamestown settlement, but the viewer is not given enough time to determine who is who.  It does not really matter, because the focus of the story is on Smith, Pocahontas, and Rolfe.  But the historical dabbling seems slightly out of place without a little more connection to the rest of the film.

On the other hand, no director whom I can think of captures the beauty of nature better than Malick.  If one stopped his films at any point, the picture on screen would make a breathtaking photo that could be framed on its own.  Malick’s cinematography creates a mesmerizing, relaxing, and engaging atmosphere that transports the viewer through the world of the film.  This world contains fish swimming through the water, a sunset across a lake, sunlight pouring through the branches of a forest, a rippling brook, the swirling first snowflakes of Winter, new buds forming as Spring arrives, well-kept English gardens, and the royal courts.  All of these elements are portrayed with such care and appreciation for their natural beauty that the viewer almost feels as if he is there basking in the glory of nature.

The use of Wagner adds greatly to the film; Malick selected some of the best possible excerpts.  The main theme is from the opening of Das Rheingold, a simple melody and harmony played by the horns and strings.  It has a motionless, yet awestruck quality that grows in dynamic and in range as the settlers appreciate more of the new world.  James Horner contributes to the score with Smith’s theme, a melancholic melody for solo piano that captures his reserved nature.  It is also out of place in comparison to the rest of the score as Smith feels out of place among the Englishmen and among the natives.

The New World is more than a fictionalized retelling of an historic event.  It poetically captures the beauty of both American and England in 1607, bringing the viewer into the new worlds and allowing him to discover them along with the characters, while watching a poignantly filmed romance as if he is discovering another beautiful new world.

Content Advisory: Some brief but intense combative violence and fleeting shots of naturalistic partial nudity.                     MPAA rating: PG-13

Suggested Audience: Teens and up.

Personal Recommendation: A

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The Diving Bell and the Butterfly (Le scaphandre et le papillon)

Year of Release: 2007     Directed by Julian Schnabel.  Starring Mathieu Amalric, Anne Consigny, Emmanuelle Seigner, Niels Arestup, and Max von Sydow.

Jean Dominique Bauby (Mathieu Amalric) flicks his eyes open and sees himself surrounded by hospital staff in a blurred room.  The doctors begin speaking to him and he answers them.  At least, he thinks he answers them.  Although Jean-Do can hear his responses as he formulates them, he has lost his ability to speak.  The doctors inform him he has woken up from a coma following a stroke and all of his body, except his eyes, is paralyzed.

The importance of Jean-Do’s eyes is stressed in the opening fifteen minute montage.  This entire sequence is shot from his perspective as he lies unable to move in the hospital bed.  The doctors move about him; he follow them with his eyes.  Due to an injury in one eye, the picture is appropriately blurred.  Once the bad eye is sown shut, the picture becomes clear whenever the camera adopts Jean-Do’s point of view in order to reflect his good eye.

Jean-Do’s good eye will be more important than he can imagine.  After a period of despair, he decides to make the most of his situation.  Using his one good eye, Jean-Do blinks in order to communicate.  At first his communication is simple: one blink for yes and two for no.  Soon one of his therapists devises a system in which he can dictate by blinking.  Using this system, he begins writing a book for a contract that he had with a publisher prior to the stroke.

Director Julian Schnabel makes incredible use of cinematography.  He alternates between Jean-Do’s point of view and an observant third person viewpoint.  Once Schnabel has firmly established Jean-Do’s perspective, he switches to a third person viewpoint so the viewer can observe Jean-Do and his visitors as they interact.  At this point Amalric does an incredible job of holding a single pose and portraying a vegetative state.  Through his one open eye, Amalric depicts concern and interest in his surroundings.  A particularly touching scene occurs at the beach with Jean-Do’s children as they embrace their father, care for him, and play hangman with him.  Another moving scene takes place towards the end of the film when Jean-Do begs for some time alone to listen to one person speak to him.

In addition to the aftermath of the stroke, the film also portrays Jean-Do’s imagined fantasies and flashbacks before the stroke.  To differentiate from the present, these scenes are always shot in third person.  One recurring fantasy is an underwater shot of a diver trapped in a diving bell, helpless and dependent on the wire for life.  Another fantasy occurs out in forests and open fields with young butterflies flying through the flowers after hatching from the confinement of their chrysalises.  It is fairly obvious that Jean-Do views the diver as himself and the butterflies as what he wants to become, springing out of his impaired body and flying away.

The flashbacks show the viewer the moments of his life that Jean-Do valued most.  Caring for his aging father, bonding with his son, and spending time with his mistress are the most frequent flashbacks.  There is one brief flashback to his career as a magazine editor, but this occurs when someone mentions his former job, and it does not return.  His connections with others were most important to him, and in his paralysis he values other people’s presence more than anything else.

From the very beginning of the film, there is a clear element against euthanasia.  In the opening scene Jean-Do is mentally active, aware of all his surroundings, and very much alive.  Even though he can neither move nor speak, he mentally responds to questions and is shocked when the doctors cannot hear him.  His inner monologues are voiced and he comments on everything that people say and do around him.  When Jean-Do becomes depressed about his situation and asks for death, his therapist lectures him on how lucky he is to be alive and to be able to communicate at all.

The score reflects Jean-Do’s mood and his struggles.  At first there is very little underscoring.  Only an occasional melancholy solo piano reflects Jean-Do’s isolation and despondency as he accepts the severity of his situation.  During the butterfly fantasy the music becomes more lively and begins to incorporate other instruments.  This continues as Jean-Do incorporates more people into his life at the hospital.

The Diving Bell and the Butterfly provides a breathtaking and inspiring glimpse into a paralyzed man’s life, a window into a life just as meaningful and complete as any other life.

Content Advisory: Several fleeting but explicit scenes of nudity, sexual situations, and occasional crass language.                MPAA rating: PG-13

Suggested Audience: Adults.

Personal Recommendation: A-

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La vie en rose

Year of Release: 2007     Directed by Olivier Dahan.    Starring Marion Cotillard, Sylvie Testud, Pascal Greggory, Emmanuelle Seigner, Gerard Depardieu, and Jean-Pierre Martins.

The life of Edith Piaf is an ambitious topic for a single movie.  It is one that French director Olivier Dahan handles with mixed results.  The strongest asset of the film is Marion Cotillard’s stunning, pitch-perfect, well-deserved Academy Award winning performance as French singer Edith Piaf.  Cotillard completely captivates the viewer, drawing him into the film, Piaf’s struggles, triumphs, and downfalls.  Her performance is empathetic and engages the viewer.  When she screams against her injustices, one pities Piaf.  When she her career flourishes and triumphs, one feels a sense of relief and excitement for her and is glad she overcame her tentativeness.  All of Piaf’s actions and emotions: her arrogance, insecurity,  excitement, regret, and joy are believable and portrayed with aplomb by Cotillard, who quickly shifts from one mood to another as Piaf becomes increasingly unstable.

The film’s only major drawback is that at two hours and twenty minutes, it is overlong.  The first hour enraptures the viewer, but then the middle act of the film dwells too long on Piaf’s instability, and it also introduces new plot points that are not given enough time to be fully developed and related to the story.  Near the end, Piaf recalls a momentous earlier incidence in her life, which no one would see coming, and then this tragic, possibly life altering occurrence is set aside and forgotten.  The film would have been much stronger had a few of these story threads been tied up a little tighter.  A clearer story arch would have also helped shape the storyline.  Albeit, the most important climax does occur right before the film’s end, but there are several big climactic moments earlier in the film that seem to indicate that the end of the film is approaching.  As a result, what immediately follows these climactic moments is often anticlimactic.

There are two simultaneous storylines throughout the film.  The film opens in 1959 with an aging Edith Piaf performing in front of a packed house.  She collapses and is taken to the hospital.  After this, the film cuts to 1918 when Piaf was a young girl.  The film casually cuts between these two storylines until Piaf’s childhood merges with the opening performance, which occurs when the opening storyline ends with Piaf’s death.  I greatly appreciated this approach.  It captured the fluctuating moods of Piaf and the ups and downs of her career.  In addition, this method of filming clearly related events of her childhood to her decisions and actions later in life.

Another aspect of the film that I appreciated was the clear religious content.  Prayer is respected and a natural part of life.  Whenever a tragedy threatens someone, the first response is to turn to God or one of the saints in prayer.  Even when characters are in the midst of despair or committing a grievous sin, God is still foremost in their thoughts, and they ask for His guidance.  Even when they believe He is blessing their poor decisions, it is still nice to see characters acknowledging God’s presence.

The title of the film roughly translates, “The Life in Pink.”  Edith Piaf’s life was certainly tinted pink, meaning that everything was overshadowed by the glamour of performing.  She was raised in a brothel where she saw women perform for their customers.  She became caught up in the fame of performing and other fantasies, which nearly destroyed her when she learned they were false.  There was an early blessing, where St. Therese of Liseux cured her of near blindness, which gave Piaf a lifelong devotion to St. Therese, which influences Piaf’s life.  However, the glamour of performing ultimately takes front seat to religious devotion for most of her life.

The final song that Piaf learns and performs is “Non, je ne regrette rien,” which translates, “No, I Regret Nothing.”  At the end of her life, Piaf will face what she’s done and failed to do without regrets.  She will live in the present and prepare for death.  Even after her poor choices and the tragedies she has suffered, she will do her best to focus on the present.  She knows it is time for her to move on from this life.  Her devotion to St. Therese may have helped her after all.

Content Advisory: Fleeting nudity, implied sexual content, drug abuse, and some rough language.                           MPAA rating: PG-13

Suggested Audience: Adults.

Personal Recommendation: B

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